Much of this information comes from the AAFCO (Association of Animal Feed Control Officals) Handbook
DISSECTING THE FOOD LABEL - PART II
By Earl Wolfe
Some of this information came off the dog food bags, cans, etc. No one company
or distributor has compiled or produced a chart that I know of which compares
the major brands of dog foods at this time and has made it FREE for you to use.
These charts are meant to give you some idea as to what goes into the food
we feed our pets. These charts are**NOT** meant to tell you what to buy
or feed your pet. Their purpose is to show you what goes into dog food,
and that is all. Only you can determine what to feed your pet!!
DOG FOOD INGREDIENTS
(These are the terms used in the Dog Food Comparison Charts)
Amaranth - Is considered to be the father to all grains that are currently grown. It is considered to be a superior source of carbohydraes, minerals and rich flavor
Corn Gluten Meal - The by-product after the
manufacturer of corn syrup or starch which is the dried residue after the
removal of the bran, germ, and starch.
Alfalfa Meal - The finely ground product of
the alfalfa plant.
Semolina - The endosperm of durum wheat is called semolina, high protein used in fine pasta.
Barley - At least 80% good quality barley;
no more than 3% heat damaged kernels, 6 percent foreign material, 20% other
grains or 10% wild oats.
Barley Flour - The soft finely ground barley
meal obtained from the milling of barley.
Ground Corn (also called Corn Meal or Corn Chop)
- The entire corn kernel ground or chopped. It must contain no more than
4% foreign material.
Brewer's Rice - The small fragments of rice
kernels that have been separated from larger kernels of milled rice.
Brown Rice - The unpolished rice left over
after the kernels have been removed.
Soybean Meal - By-product of the production
of soybean oil.
Grain Sorghum - Sorghum is a member of the Grass family. There are many different varieties. They can be clasified into 4 groups.
Broomcorn is grown for the brush or brances of the seed cluster. The fibers are used in the manufacturer of brooms.
Sweet Sorghums of sorgos, have a sweet juicy stem. These are used to produce sorghum syrup. Animal Feeds and silage can also be made for the sweet sorghums.
Grass Sorghums are grown for green feed and hay but can be found in Kansas fields of weeds. Two types are Sudan and Johnson grass.
Grain Sorghums are grown especially for the rounded, starchy seeds. The grain Serves as A substitue for corn in feeding animals. Some grain sorghums grow as much as 15 feet high. The entire plant can be used to make silage. World wide, common grain sorghums include milo, durra and kafir.
Ground Grain Sorghum - Made by grinding grains
Cereal Food Fines - The by-product of breakfast
cereal production which consists of particles of the foods.
Flaxseed - Is also known as Linseed. It is very high in Omega-3 fatty acids. Once a container of this is open it will spoil rapidly. It is best to keep it under refrigeration.
Linseed Meal - The residue of flaxseed oil
production, ground into a meal.
Mesquite Bean Meal- This is full of essential nutrients, helps regulate blood sugar, and is an excellent source of carbohydrates.
Oatmeal - Is a heart smart food that is an excellent fiber source and is clinically proven to lower cholesterol.
Meats and Meat by-Products
Meat or Meat Based - Meat is the clean flesh
of slaughtered cattle, swine, sheep or goats. The flesh can include striated
skeletal muscle, tongue, diaphragm, heskeletal muscle, tongue, diaphragm, heart or esophagus, overlying fat,
and the portions of skin, sinew, nerves, and blood vessels normally found
with that flesh. This is what some people would call on the hoof or "wet - state". This applies equal to all livestock whether it be
Beef, Chicken, Lamb, etc.,,,. After processing these meats can loose up to 80% of their weight. Thus when looking at the ingredients list you might find it as number one but in truly reality after processing it will fall between 4, 5 or even 6 on a ture ingredients list.
Meat Meal - Rendered meal made from animal
tissue. It cannot contain hair, hoof, blood, horn, hide trimmings, stomach
or rumen (the first stomach) contents, or manure except for amounts that
may not be avoided during processing. It cannot contain any added foreimay not be avoided during processing. It cannot contain any added foreign
matter and may not contain more than 14% indigestible materials. Indigestible
crude protein in the meal cannot be more than 11%. Meals are also use after processing and give a more ture actual weight on the list of ingredients for placement over whole meats or "wet - state" meats.
Meat By-Product - Clean parts of slaughtered
animals, not including meat. These parts include lungs, kidneys, brain,
spleen, liver, bone, blood, partially defatted low-temperature fatty tissue,
stomach, and intestines freed of their contents. It does not include hair,
teeth, hooves or horns. Only 14% may be indigestible residue and no more
than 11% indigestible crude protein.
Chicken Liver - Organic meat , highly usable protein source containing vitamins A , K and Foliate. It also contains minerals Phosphorus and potassium. Many Amino Acids are also found in Chicken Liver.
Poultry By-Product - Clean parts of slaughtered
poultry, such as heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, feet, abdomen, intestines,
and heads and must not contain feces or foreign matter except that which
is unavoidable and then only in trace amounts.
Poultry By-Product Meal - Made up of ground,
rendered, and clean parts of slaughtered poultry, such as undeveloped eggs,
necks, feet, and intestines. It does not contain feathers except those
which are unavoidable during processing.
Dehydrated Eggs - Whole poultry eggs which
Meat and Bone Meal - Rendered from meat and
bone, but it does not include hair, blood, horn, hoof, manure, hide trimmings,
stomach, or rumen contents except that which is unavoidable during processing.
It does not include any foreign matter. Like meat meal, only 14% may be
indigestible residue and no more than 11% indigestible crude protein.
Whole Fresh eggs - This is the Highest rated source of usable Protein, and rates above all meats and meat products. Shells are a great source of Calcium Carbonate good for strong healthy teeth.
Beef Tallow - This is the Very Hard white
fatty substance which is rock hard and looks like a bone. Most dogs have
great difficulty in digesting this substance.
Animal By-Product Meal - Consists of rendered
animal tissue which does not fit in any of the other categories. It cannot
contain hoof, hide trimmings, extra hair, horn, stomach or rumen contents,
manure or any foreign matter.
Animal Digest - A powder or liquid made by
taking clean under-composed animal tissue and breaking it down using chemical
and or emblematic hydrolysis. It does not contain horn, teeth, hair, hooves,
or feathers except in trace amounts which are unavoidable, Digest names
must be descriptive of their contents....that is, chicken digest must be
made from chicken and beef digest made from beef.
Fish Meal - Clean, dried, and ground tissue
of undecomposed whole fish or fish cuttings which may or may not have the
It is also considered an excelent source for Omega 3 fatty acids.
Salmon - Excellent source of protein and fatty acids like Omega-3 and Omega-6.
Fruits and Veggies
Turnip Greens - Contains some calcium, Omega-3 and vitamin A & C.
Tomatoes - Abundant in carotenoids, beta-carotene, and vitamins A & C. They are also an acidifier and a fiber source.
Peas and Carrots - Are used as an excellent source of vitamins and minerals they also provide a flavor that both dogs and cats love.
Oranges - Contain the pure Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) good for immune support, reduces cholesterol, powerful antioxidents.
Pumpkin - Pumpkin is a member of the squash family and has several health related things that it can be used for. If your pet has diarrea you can give raw canned, uncooked, unsweetend pumpkin to help sooth the digestion track and help with minnor digestive track issues.
Papaya - Has long been used to aid in the digestive process. Its enzymes help in digestion and consumption of nutrients, minerals and vitamins.
Guava Leaves - The fresh or small new Guava leaves from the Guava tree help in negating the effects of diarrhea and very loose stool. If you have access to a Guava tree you can pick the fresh leaves and keep them in the regenerator for a short period of time. You grind them up with your fingers and add a couple to the food.
Peppermint Leaves - Peppermint leaves can be used to help with doggie breath. You can add one or two leaves to the food that you feed.